Discusses methods to create and confine molecules at temperatures near absolute zero (1 microKelvin to 1 Kelvin) and surveys the research done with and on cold molecules.
Cold polar molecules offer intriguing properties, enabling different areas of research to solve long-standing problems. This highly interdisciplinary book discusses novel methods to create and thermally isolate molecules at temperatures near absolute zero (1 nanoKelvin - 1 Kelvin). It focuses on applications of cold polar molecules in diverse areas of research, such as quantum condensed-matter physics, quantum computation, coherent control of molecular processes, and chemical physics. The text explains how simple experiments in atomic and molecular physics have generated a resonance in many different areas of physics and chemistry, which may change the way we understand nature.
CREATION OF COLD POLAR MOLECULES: Cryogenic Cooling of Molecules. Slowing Molecular Beams to Standstill. Photoassociation of Ultracold Atoms. APPLICATIONS OF COLD POLAR MOLECULES: Quantum Computation with Cold Polar Molecules. External Field Control of Chemical Dynamics. Coherent Control of Ultracold Molecular Processes. Condensed-Matter Physics of Trapped Molecular Ensembles. Cold Polar Molecules and Models of High-Te Superconductivity. Cold Polar Molecules and Time-Reversal Symmetry. Cold Polar Molecules and Time-Variation of Fine Structure Constant.