What Scientists Did in the War
Explores how scientists managed to cope with the particular circumstances created by the war. This book focuses on war-waging countries such as the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, and the United States, and those under occupation, such as the Netherlands and France.
Introduction: Ordinary Scientists in Extraordinary Circumstances Chapter 1. The Mobilisation of Science and Science-Based Technology during the Second World War: A Comparative History Chapter 2. To Work or Not to Work in War Research?: The Case of the Italian Physicist G.P.S. Occhialini during WWII Chapter 3. Scientific Research in the Second World War: The Case for Bacinol, Dutch Penicillin Chapter 4. Preventing Theft: The Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory in Wartime Chapter 5. Electron Microscopy in Second World War Delft Chapter 6. "Splendid Isolation"?: Aviation Medicine in World War II Chapter 7. National Socialism, Human Genetics and Eugenics in the Netherlands 1940-1945 Chapter 8. The Birth of a Modern Instrument and Its Development during World War II: Electron Microscopy in Germany from the 1930s to 1945 Chapter 9. Aerodynamic Research at the Nationaal Luchtvaartlaboratorium (NLL) in Amsterdam under German Occupation during World War II Chapter 10. Masa Takeuchi and His Involvement in the Japanese Nuclear Weapons Research Programme Chapter 11. The Cyclotron and the War: Construction of the 60-inch Cyclotron in Japan Chapter 12. Forging a New Discipline: Reflections on the Wartime Infrastructure for Research and Development in Feedback Control in the US, UK, Germany and USSR Chapter 13. British cryptanalysis: the breaking of 'Fish' traffic