This new Handbook brings together key experts on European security from the academic and policy worlds to examine the European Union (EU) as an international security actor. While the focus is on the politico-military dimension, security will be put in the context of the holistic approach advocated by the EU.
Each chapter critically examines EU objectives, instruments and means, in order to assess their effectiveness, and identify their weaknesses, and offer some recommendations for the EU as a security actor on the international stage. This Handbook accounts for the gradual emergence of the EU as an autonomous actor in this field since the end of the Cold War, its objectives being to safeguard European security by improving global security. A key aspect of this development has been the emergence of a defence component through the EU’s European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP), re-baptized the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) by the Lisbon Treaty. Whilst this remains a contested development, the international role for the EU as a security actor is here to stay, and is covered in this volume in detail; providing an essential assessment for all students of European Security, the EU, European Politics, security studies and IR in general.
The volume is organized in five parts:
- Part I sets the scene: after a historical overview of the development of European security institutions and an assessment of today’s multipolar order, it analyzes the holistic "grand strategy" underlying EU policies and assesses whether a European strategic culture has emerged.
- Part II looks at the institutions that make and implement policy in the different dimensions covered by the "grand strategy", charts the instruments and means at their disposal, and assesses to which extent "sub-strategies" in each area are linked up with the overall objectives put forward in the ESS.
- Part III then assesses the effectiveness of the actual policies and actions undertaken, putting the politico-military dimension in the context of the holistic approach.
- Part IV analyzes the role of partnerships with other actors in these policies.
- Part V offers a theoretical perspective on all of these developments.