The Romans provides an accessible introduction to the history, society, and scholarship of one of the most captivating and enduring civilizations in human history. From the establishment of the monarchy and the Republican era to the decline of the Empire, this comprehensive volume examines every aspect of Roman culture from both historical and archaeological perspectives. In addition to surveying the well-estbalished subjects of Roman history, author Kevin McGeough discusses the latest events in the archaeological investigation of Rome, such as the recent excavations at the Temple of Castor and Pollux in the Roman Forum and the controversial identification of an ossuary thought by some to hold the body of James, the brother of Jesus. The text is accompanied by carefully chosen illustrations, maps, a glossary, and chronology. Throughout, general readers and students will gain a vivid understanding of Roman civilization and of why it still captures our imagination today.
SERIES EDITOR'S PREFACE; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; MAPS; PART I: INTRODUCTION; I. - Introduction; WHY ARE WE FASCINATED BY THE ROMANS?; A NOTES ABOUT THE DATES USED IN THIS BOOK; HOW DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE ROMANS?; SOURCES OF INFORMATION ON THE ROMANS; UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH PROGRAMS; PART 2: Roman Civilization; 2. - Location of Roman Civilization and Environmental Setting; LOCATION OF ROME; GENERAL NATURAL AND CULTURAL SUBDIVISIONS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSFORMATIONS; 3. - Historical and Chronological Setting; HISTORY OF RESEARCH; ROMAN CHRONOLOGY; LITERARY OF FOLKLORIC EVIDENCE OF USE FOR INTERPRETATION OF ROMAN CIVILIZATION; 4. - Origins, Growth, and Decline of Roman Civilization; ORIGINS AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF ROME; THE ROMAN REPUBLIC; THE ROMAN EMPIRE; 5. - Economics; AGRICULTURE AND SUBSISTENCE ACTIVITIES; CRAFT SPECIALIZATION AND PRODUCTION; TRADE; COINS AND MONEY; BUSINESS AND INVESTMENT; TAXATION; TRANSPORTATION; 6. - Social Organization and Social Structure; INTERNAL ORGANIZATION OF ROMAN CIVILIZATION; ROMAN POPULATION; MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY; SOCIAL STRATIFICATION IN ROME; SLAVERY; WOMEN IN ANCIENT ROME; 7. - Politics; MONARCHICAL GOVERNMENT; REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT; IMPERIAL GOVERNMENT; THE ADMINISTRATION OF EMPIRE; MILITARY ORGANIZATION; ROMAN WARFARE; 8. - Religion and Ideology; ORIGINS OF ROMAN RELIGION; DOMESTIC RELIGION; THE ROMAN PANTHEON; THE STATE CULT; ROMAN RITUALS AND FESTIVALS; THE CULT OF THE EMPEROR; ROMAN RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE; ROMAN DEATH AND BURIAL; 9. - Material Culture; ARCHITECTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS; URBAN PLANNING; POTTERY; ROMAN ART; ARTIFACTS FROM DAILY LIFE; 10. - Intellectual Accomplishments; ROMAN SCIENCE; ROMAN PHILOSOPHY; ROMAN LAW; LITERATURE; EDUCATION; THE ART OF LEISURE; LANGUAGES; 11. - Major Controversies and Future Directions in the Study of Roman Civilization; CONTROVERSIES IN ROMAN SCHOLARSHIP; AVENUES FOR FUTURE RESEARCH; GLOSSARY; CHRONOLOGY; SOURCES FOR FURTHER STUDY; INDEX; ABOUT THE AUTHOR