In shaping the modern academy and in setting the agenda of modern theology, few institutions have been as influential as the German universities of the nineteenth century. This book examines the rise of the modern German university from the standpoint of the Protestant theological faculty.
I. INTRODUCTION; 1. Theology, Modernity, and the German University; 2. On the State and Modern Science 'in the German sense'; 3. Plan of Study; 4. Broader Considerations, or 'the Pathos of Modern Theology'; II. SACRA FACULTAS AND THE COMING OF GERMAN MODERNITY; Introduction; 5. The Medieval Legacy; 6. Humanism, the Reformation, and the Universities; 7. The Eighteenth Century: Decline and Critique; 8. The Way Forward: Halle and Gottingen; 9. 'Torchbearer or Trainbearer?' The Faculties and Immanuel Kant; III. WISSENSCHAFT, AND THE FOUNDING OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN; Introduction; 10. Revolutionary Times and the Ascendancy of Wissenschaft; 11. 'A New Creation'; 12. Theology and the Idea of the University; 13. Early Operations: Berlin's Theological Faculty, 1810-1819; 14. 'Renewing Protestantism': Schleiermacher and the Challenge of Modern Theological Education; IV. AN ERASTIAN MODERNITY? CHURCH, STATE, AND EDUCATION IN EARLY NINETEENTH-CENTURY PRUSSIA; Introduction; 15. Church and State before 1806; 16. 1806 and the Prussian Kultusministerium; 17. 'A Realm of the Intelligence': Minister Altenstein and his Legacy; V. THEOLOGIA BETWEEN SCIENCE AND THE STATE; Introduction; 18. Historical Trends and Developments, 1810-1918; 19. The Rise and Fall of 'Theological Encyclopedia'; 20. History, Commemoration, and University; 21. 'The Age of German Footnotes': Visitors from Abroad, Admirers from Afar; 22. 'The Crisis of the Theological Faculty': Lagarde, Overbeck, and Harnack; Conclusion: Janus Gazing