Examining in what ways and how far medieval churches were treated as items of property, Susan Wood surveys Western Europe from the late Roman Empire to the post-Gregorian Church, taking an approach that is as much social and religious as legal and administrative.
PART I: BEGINNINGS; 1. The Roman Empire and Post-Roman Kingdoms; 2. A New Stage: Bavaria, Alemania, and Lombard Italy, Mid-Eighth to Mid-Ninth Century; 3. The Converging of Private and Parish Churches; 4. The Question of Origins; 5. Early Monasteries: Their Founders and Abbotts; 6. Some Non-Frankish Patterns of Family Interest in Monasteries; 7. Transition to Outside Lordship of Monasteries; 8. The Emergence of Bishop's Lordship over Monasteries; 9. The Emergence of Lay Ruler's Lordship over Monasteries; PART II: LORDSHIP OVER HIGHER CHURCHES, NINTH TO ELEVENTH CENTURIES; 10. Kings and Princes; 11. Nobles other than Founder's Heirs; 12. Noble Founders and their Heirs; 13. Great Churches as Lords of Monasteries; PART III: LOWER CHURCHES AS PROPERTY, NINTH TO ELEVENTH CENTURIES; 14. Lesser Churches' Resources in Lands and other Possessions; 15. Lesser Churches' Resources in Tithes and Offerings; 16. Proprietors' Arrangements with their Priests; 17. Lay Proprietors; 18. Priests as Proprietors; 19. Higher Churches as Proprietors; 20. Some Proprietary Elements in a Bishop's Authority; PART IV: IDEAS, OPINION, CHANGE; 21. The Juridical Condition of Churches; 22. Legislation and Reforming Opinion; 23. Monastic Reform: Lordship and Liberty; 24. Gregorian Reform; 25. Towards a Bureaucratic Church; 26. The Longer Term; Bibliography; Index