An anthology that covers a range of biological disciplines and controversies. It demonstrates the great value of reflective philosophical analysis in interpreting biology and its claims about human nature. It is suitable for use in introductory courses in philosophy of biology.
By combining excerpts from key historical writings with editors' introductions and further reading material, "Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology" offers a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date collection of the field's most significant works. It addresses central questions such as 'What is life?' and 'How did it begin?', and the most current research and arguments on evolution and developmental biology. Editorial notes throughout the text define, clarify, and qualify ideas, concepts and arguments. It includes material on evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology not found in other standard philosophy of biology anthologies. Further reading material assists novices in delving deeper into research in philosophy of biology.
Personal Acknowledgments Source Acknowledgments General Introduction: A Short History of Philosophy of Biology: Alex Rosenberg and Robert Arp Part I: Basic Principles and Proofs of Darwinism Introduction 1. Struggle for Existence and Natural Selection: Charles Darwin 2. Evolution: Eugenie G. Scott Part II: Evolution and Chance Introduction 3. Beyond the Reach of Chance: Michael Denton 4. Accumulating Small Change: Richard Dawkins 5. Chance and Natural Selection: John Beatty 6. The Principle of Drift: Biology's First Law: Robert N. Brandon Part III: The Tautology Problem Introduction 7. Darwin's Untimely Burial: Stephen Jay Gould 8. Adaptation and Evolutionary Theory: Robert N. Brandon Part IV: Adaptationism Introduction 9. The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme: Stephen Jay Gould and Richard C. Lewontin 10. How to Carry Out the Adaptationist Program?: Ernst Mayr Part V: Biological Function and Teleology Introduction 11. The Modern Philosophical Resurrection of Teleology: Mark Perlman 12. Neo-Teleology: Robert Cummins 13. A Modern History Theory of Functions: Peter Godfrey-Smith Part VI: Evolutionary Developmental Biology Introduction 14. Endless Forms: The Evolution of Gene Regulation and Morphological Diversity: Sean B. Carroll 15. Functional Evo-devo: Casper J. Breuker, Vincent Debat, and Christian Peter Klingenberg Part VII: Reductionism and the Biological Sciences Introduction 16. 1953 and All That: A Tale of Two Sciences: Philip Kitcher 17. The Multiple Realizability Argument against Reductionism: Elliott Sober Part VIII: Species and Classification Problems Introduction 18. Species, Taxonomy, and Systematics: Marc Ereshefsky 19. Spec;iation: A Catalogue and Critique of Species Concepts: Jerry A. Coyne and H. Allen Orr Part IX: The Units of Selection Debate Introduction 20. Artifact, Cause, and Genic Selection: Elliott Sober and Richard C. Lewontin 21. The Return of the Gene: Kim Sterelny and Philip Kitcher 22. The Levels of Selection Debate: Philosophical Issues: Samir Okasha Part X: Sociobiology and Ethics Introduction 23. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis: Edward O. Wilson 24. The Evolution of Cooperation: Robert Axelrod and William D. Hamilton 25. Darwinism in Moral Philosophy and Social Theory: Alex Rosenberg Part XI: Evolutionary Psychology Introduction 26. Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology: John Tooby and Leda Cosmides 27. The Environments of Our Hominin Ancestors, Tool-usage, and Scenario Visualization: Robert Arp Part XII: Design and Creationism Introduction 28. Science and Creationism: Donald Prothero 29. Irreducible Complexity: Obstacle to Darwinian Evolution: Michael J. Behe 30. The Flagellum Unspun: The Collapse of "Irreducible Complexity": Kenneth R. Miller