Here is a rich, informative introduction to an exciting period in art history. Neoclassicism, which arose during the 18th century’s Age of Enlightenment, was inspired by the rationality, simplicity, and grandeur of ancient Greece and Rome. In fact, many of its greatest works reflect archaeological discoveries of the time. In reaction to this austere style, Romanticism sought to re-infuse art with passion, drama, and mysticism. Here are the key masterpieces of both schools—works by Canova, Constable, Copley, David, Blake, Delacroix, Géricault, Turner, Ingres, and others—complete with biographies of the artists, and accompanied by a text that illuminates the ideas and events that shaped an era of artistic ferment.