An account of the Soviet Jews during the Second World War and the Holocaust (1941-45). It traces the Holocaust in the German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union through three separate periods in which German political and military goals in the occupied territories dictated the treatment of the Jews.
"The Holocaust in the Soviet Union" is the most complete account to date of the Soviet Jews during the Second World War and the Holocaust (1941-45). Reports, records, documents, and research previously unavailable in English enable Yitzhak Arad to trace the Holocaust in the German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union through three separate periods in which German political and military goals in the occupied territories dictated the treatment of the Jews. Arad's examination of the differences between the Holocaust in the Soviet Union compared to other European nations reveals how Nazi ideological attacks on the Soviet Union, which included war on 'Judeo-Bolshevism', led to harsher treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union than in most other occupied territories. This historical narrative presents a wealth of information from German, Russian, and Jewish archival sources that will be invaluable to scholars, researchers, and the general public for years to come.
Preface Part One: The Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union Prior to World War Two 1. Jews in Czarist Russia; 2. Jews in the USSR and in the Annexed Territories between the Two World Wars Part Two: The Impact of Political and Military Developments on the Jews of Eastern Europe; September 1, 1939 - June 22, 1941 3. German - Soviet Relations and Geo-Political Changes in eastern Europe; 4. The Jews in the Soviet Annexed Territories; 5. Preparations in Germany for the Attack on the Soviet Union and the Annihilation of the Jews Part Three: German Attack on the Soviet Union 6. Invasion under the Slogan "War on Judeo-Bolshevism"; 7. Evacuation of Soviet Population - Jews in Organized and Individual Evacuation; 8. Anti-Jewish Pogroms During the Early Days of the Occupation; 9. The German Administration in the Occupied Territories and its Anti-Jewish Policy Part Four: Mass Murder - First Stage: June 22, 1941 - Winter 1941/42 10. Einsatzgruppen Routes of Advance and Method of Extermination; 11. Reichskommissariat Ostland - Ghettos and Extermination; 12. Reichskommissariat Ukraine - Ghettos and Extermination; 13. Military Administration Areas - Ghettos and Extermination; 14. Extermination of the Jews of Crimea; 15. The German Army from "Freedom of Action" for the Einsatzgruppen to Active Collaboration in the Murders; 16. Persecution of the Jews in District Galicia; 17. Romania and Transnistria - Expulsion and Mass Murder Part Five: Mass Murder - Second Stage: From Spring to Late 1942 18. The Annihilation in Ostland and in Grodno-Volkovysk Region (Generalbezirk Bialystok); 19. Annihilation in Reichskommissariat Ukraine; 20. Mass Murder in District Galicia - Operation Reinhard; 21. Annihilation in Area under Military Administration; 22. Transnistria - Life in the Shadow of Death Part Six: Mass Murder - Third Stage: From Early 1943 until the End of German Occupation 23. Liquidation of the Last Ghettos in Reichskommissariat Ostland; 24. Liquidation of the Last Ghettos in Reichskommissariat Ukraine; 25. Survival in Transnistria