Discusses the origins and impacts of Europe's Reformations - and the consequences that resonate. This title includes sections on the Catholic Reformation, the Counter Reformation, the role of women, and the Reformation in Britain. It offers a variety of supplementary materials, along with maps, illustrations, a glossary, and chronologies.
Combining seamless synthesis of original material with updated scholarship, "The European Reformations" 2nd edition, provides the most comprehensive and engaging textbook available on the origins and impacts of Europe's Reformations - and the consequences that continue to resonate today. It is a fully revised and comprehensive edition of this popular introduction to the Reformations of the sixteenth century. It includes new sections on the Catholic Reformation, the Counter Reformation, the role of women, and the Reformation in Britain. It sets the origins of the movements in the context of late medieval social, economic and religious crises, carefully tracing its trajectories through the different religious groups. It succeeds in weaving together religion, politics, social forces, and the influential personalities of the time, in to one compelling story. It provides a variety of supplementary materials, including end-of-chapter suggestions for further reading, along with maps, illustrations, a glossary, and chronologies.
List of Figures Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition List of Abbreviations 1. History, Historiography, and Interpretations of the Reformations History and Historiography Interpretations of the Reformations Suggestions for Further Reading 2. The Late Middle Ages: Threshold and Foothold of the Reformations Agrarian Crisis, Famine, and Plague Towns and Cities: Loci of Ideas and Change The Printing Press Of Mines and Militancy Social Tensions The Crisis of Values Anticlericalism and the Renaissance Papacy Suggestions for Further Reading 3. The Dawn of a New Era Martin Luther (1483--1546) Theological and Pastoral Responses to Insecurity Theological Implications Indulgences: The Purchase of Paradise The Squeaky Mouse Politics and Piety From the Diet of Worms to the Land of the Birds Suggestions for Further Reading 4. Wait for No One: Implementation of Reforms in Wittenberg In the Land of the Birds Melanchthon: Teacher of Germany Karlstadt and Proto-Puritanism Bishops, Clerical Marriage, and Strategies for Reform The Gospel and Social Order Suggestions for Further Reading 5. Fruits of the Fig Tree: Social Welfare and Education Late Medieval Poor Relief Beyond Charity The Institutionalization of Social Welfare Bugenhagen and the Spread of Evangelical Social Welfare Education for Service to God and Service to the Neighbor The Catechisms and Christian Vocation Was the Early Reformation a Failure? Suggestions for Further Reading 6. The Reformation of the Common Man "Brother Andy" Thomas Muntzer The Revolution of the Common Man, 1524--1526 Suggestions for Further Reading 7. The Swiss Connection: Zwingli and the Reformation in Zurich The Affair of the Sausages Zwingli's Beginnings Magistracy and Church in Zurich Zwingli's Reform Program Excursus: Medieval Sacramental Theology The Marburg Colloquy, 1529 Suggestions for Further Reading 8. The Sheep against the Shepherds: The Radical Reformations The Anabaptists Excursus: Reformation Understandings of Baptism Zurich Beginnings Anabaptist Multiplicity The Munster Debacle The Subversive Piety of the Spiritualists Suggestions for Further Reading 9. Augsburg 1530 to Augsburg 1555: Reforms and Politics The Trail of Worms The Diet of Worms The Diet of Speyer, 1526 The Diet of Speyer, 1529 The Diet of Augsburg, 1530, and the Augsburg Confession The Right of Resistance to the Emperor Reformation Ecumenism, War, and the Peace of Augsburg Suggestions for Further Reading 10. "The Most Perfect School of Christ": The Genevan Reformation John Calvin (1509--1564) Journey to Geneva The Reformation in Geneva Sojourn in Strasbourg Geneva under Calvin, 1541--1564 Calvin's Consolidation of his Authority The Servetus Case Protestant Mission and Evangelism: The "International Conspiracy" Suggestions for Further Reading 11. Refuge in the Shadow of God's Wings: The Reformation in France The Shield of Humanism Evangelical Progress and Persecution Calvin's Influence in France The Colloquy of Poissy, 1561 The Wars of Religion, 1562--1598 The St Bartholomew's Day Massacre "Paris is Worth a Mass" Suggestions for Further Reading 12. The Blood of the Martyrs: The Reformation in the Netherlands "La secte Lutheriane" Dissident Movements The Rise of Calvinism and the Spanish Reaction A Godly Society? Suggestions for Further Reading 13. The Reformations in England and Scotland Anticlericalism and Lutheran Beginnings The King's Great Matter Passions, Politics, and Piety Edward VI and Protestant Progress Mary Tudor and Protestant Regress Elizabeth I and the Via Media Mary Stuart (1542--1587) and the Reformation in Scotland Suggestions for Further Reading 14. Catholic Renewal and the Counter-Reformation Late Medieval Renewal Movements The Index and the Inquisition Loyola and the Society of Jesus The Council of Trent, 1545--1563 Electronic Resources Suggestions for Further Reading 15. Legacies of the Reformations Confessionalization Politics Culture The Reformations and Women Toleration and the "Other" Economics, Education, and Science Literature and the Arts Back to the Future: The Reformations and Modernity Suggestions for Further Reading Chronology Genealogies The Houses of Valois and Bourbon, to 1610 The Family of Charles V The English Crown, 1485--1603 Ottoman Sultans, 1451--1648 Popes, 1492--1605 Maps Europe about 1500 Germany at the time of the Reformations The Empire of Charles V The Ottoman Empire The Portuguese and Spanish Overseas Empires Religious Division in Europe about 1600 Glossary Appendix: Aids to Reformation Studies Bibliography Index