Defines and discusses the causes and problems most common to failed investigations. This book outlines realistic strategies for avoiding investigative pitfalls. It is suitable for investigators who are looking to prevent failures of justice and find the truth.
THE BASICS. Introduction. Cognitive Biases: Perception, Intuition, and Tunnel Vision. Organizational Traps: Groupthink, Rumor, and Ego. Errors in Probability: Chance and Randomness in Forensics and Profiling. COGNITIVE BIASES. Cognitive Biases in Human Perception, Judgment, and Decision Making: Bridging Theory and the Real World. Bounded Rationality and Criminal Investigations: Has Tunnel Vision Been Wrongfully Convicted? On the Horns of a Narrative: Judgment, Heuristics, and Biases in Criminal Investigation. CASE STUDIES. Who Killed Stephanie Crowe? "Milgaard v. The Queen": Understanding a Wrongful Conviction for Sexual Homicide. A False Confession to Murder in Washington, D.C. What Happened to Theresa Allore? Wrongful Innocence Claims: Roger Coleman and Benjamin LaGuer. RECOMMENDATIONS. How Police Departments Can Reduce the Risk of Wrongful Convictions. Reducing Investigative Failures through Effective Major Case Leadership. Necropsies and the Cold Case. Recommendations and Conclusion.