This modern introduction to thermal physics contains a step-by-step presentation of the key concepts. The text is copiously illustrated and each chapter contains several worked examples.
An understanding of thermal physics is crucial to much of modern physics, chemistry and engineering. This book provides a modern introduction to the main principles that are foundational to thermal physics, thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. The key concepts are carefully presented in a clear way, and new ideas are illustrated with copious worked examples as well as a description of the historical background to their discovery. Applications are presented to subjects as diverse as stellar astrophysics, information and communication theory, condensed matter physics and climate change. Each chapter concludes with detailed exercises. The second edition of this popular textbook maintains the structure and lively style of the first edition but extends its coverage of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics to include several new topics, including osmosis, diffusion problems, Bayes theorem, radiative transfer, the Ising model and Monte Carlo methods. New examples and exercises have been added throughout.
I: PRELIMINARIES; 1. Introduction; 2. Heat; 3. Probability; 4. Temperature and the Boltzmann factor; II: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES; 5. The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution; 6. Pressure; 7. Molecular effusion; 8. The mean free path and collisions; III: TRANSPORT AND THERMAL DIFFUSION; 9. Transport properties in gases; 10. The thermal diffusion equation; IV: THE FIRST LAW; 11. Energy; 12. Isothermal and adiobatic processes; V: THE SECOND LAW; 13. Heat engines and the second law; 14. Entropy; 15. Information theory; VI: THERMODYNAMICS IN ACTION; 16. Thermodynamic potentials; 17. Rods, bubbles and magnets; 18. The third law; VII: STATISTICAL MECHANICS; 19. Equipartition of energy; 20. The partition function; 21. Statistical mechanics of an ideal gas; 22. The chemical potential; 23. Photons; 24. Phonons; VIII: BEYOND THE IDEAL GAS; 25. Relativistic gases; 26. Real gases; 27. Cooling real gases; 28. Phase transitions; 29. Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions; 30. Quantum gases and condensates; IX: SPECIAL TOPICS; 31. Sound waves; 32. Shock waves; 33. Brownian motion and fluctuations; 34. Non-equilibrium thermodynamics; 35. Stars; 36. Compact objects; 37. Earth's atmosphere